Neurotherapy Explained


Neurotherapy is an alternative treatment for improving symptoms associated with anxiety and depression, as well as improving mood and general cognitive functioning. For a printable handout on neurotherapy please click here. Neurotherapy is safe and effective and is for individuals who:

  • Are looking for a natural alternative to medication
  • Do not respond well to traditional treatment approaches
  • Experience symptoms of anxiety and/or depression
  • Are interested in increasing healthy brain function to improve attention and cognition and reduce stress
  • Would benefit from this form of treatment as an adjunct to psychotherapy

Following is a list of neurotherapy and other related techniques currently offered by Dr. Kohl:

Audio-visual entrainment (AVE) therapy is a technique that utilizes pulses of light and sounds at specific frequencies to gently and safely guide the brain into various brain wave patterns. By manipulating your brain wave frequencies, you have the ability to boost your mood, improve sleep patterns, sharpen your mind and increase your level of relaxation. When you use AVE, a number of things occur:

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1) Your EEG activity is being altered – As the AVE frequency changes, so does the frequency in the brain – it’s that easy! The AVE programs are designed to help guide your brainwave activity into a deep meditative state so that both your mind and body “let go” and relax.

2) Your limbic system is being stabilized – Your body is calmed, your breathing becomes rhythmic, your hands warm and your muscles relax.

3) A number of neurotransmitters are being produced – People with depressed mood have low levels of serotonin and norepinephrine. AVE boosts brain levels of serotonin, and norepinephrine to improve overall well-being.

4) Your cerebral blood flow is being increased – CBF is associated with many forms of mental disorders, including anxiety, depression, attentional problems, behavior disorders and impaired cognitive function. CBF tends to lower as we age often causing cognitive decline. People experiencing depressed mood usually have lower levels of CBF in the left frontal and prefrontal lobes.

AVE is a safe and effective therapy with minimal to no side effects. Although rare, some clients occasionally report minor headaches during or following sessions. These headaches typically cease within a few minutes following treatment. AVE should not be used by those with a history of seizures.

For more information about AVE, please click here and here.

Cranio-electro stimulation (CES) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that applies a small pulsed electric current across a person’s head. In order to achieve this, ear clips are attached to both ears, which each emit a low frequency electrical current. This small electrical stimulus stimulates endorphins, serotonin and norepinephrine neurotransmitter production. The earclips are comfortable and often forgotten about a few minutes after treatment begins. The electrical pulse is set at a subthreshold level that is typically not felt by the client. During treatment the client controls the intensity and can increase or decrease the stimulus to the desired level. This method has proven to be both safe and effective for improving mood and decreasing stress and anxiety.


Side effects are rare; however, some clients report minor discomfort if the intensity level is set too high. Since this technology emits a low electrical stimulus, those with any implanted electrical devices (e.g., pacemaker) should not undergo treatment. Any metal objects on the ears, such as earrings, should be removed prior to treatment. This treatment is often favored by clients since it is unnoticable, significantly improves mood, and can be used during traditional psychotherapy sessions.

For more information about CES, please click here and here.

Advanced biofeedback technology monitors heart-rate variability (HRV) to help teach the client many techniques, such as proper breathing and how to recognize and reduce the impact stress has on the body. Generally, a high HRV indicates dominance of the parasympathetic response, the side of the autonomic nervous system that promotes relaxation, digestion, sleep, and recovery. The parasympathetic system is also known as the “feed and breed” or “rest and digest” system. A low HRV indicates dominance of the sympathetic response, the fight or flight side of the nervous system associated with stress, overtraining, and inflammation.

In order to learn more about HRV, please view the following links: What is HRV? and HRV and Stress

MediCrystal Far Infrared Amethyst Mat: This amethyst biomat is a medical-grade heating pad that is FDA Approved to treat many symptoms:

  • Relieve pain
  • Increase blood circulation
  • Decrease stress
  • Reduce fatigue
  • Provide better sleep
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Increase tissue oxygenation


For more information about the Amethyst BioMat, please click here.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS): Service not yet available. Please check back soon.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a form of neurostimulation that provides a constant low current to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex through electrodes on the scalp. Using tDCS at intensities of 1-2 milliamps applied for roughly 30 minutes has been shown to improve the symptoms associated with depression.


tDCS has been used for over 100 years and is a clinically effective treatment for depression and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).

For more information about tDCS, please click here or view the following video: